In our previous post, we discussed what tooth enamel erosion is and its various causes. For this post, we’ll cover its symptoms, treatment and some useful tips to prevent it. To find out more about tooth erosion, read on.
What are the Symptoms of Tooth Enamel Erosion?
Depending on the stage of the enamel erosion, the symptoms can vary.
- Discolouration: As the dentin of the teeth gets exposed due to enamel erosion over time, the teeth colour turns yellowish. The teeth also become more susceptible to stains.
- Sensitivity: In the early stage of enamel erosion, the tooth can experience sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as some specific food items like sweets. When the enamel wears away, the dentin layer of the teeth (the layer of tissue underneath the enamel) gets exposed. This layer is softer than enamel and is sensitive to touch, bite, acid, and air. As a result, a twinge of pain is caused when you consume specific foods and foods at certain temperatures. When the erosion is in an advanced stage, a jolt of pain is experienced every time.
- Cracks and Chips: Tooth erosion can be identified when the edges of your teeth become irregular and rough.
- Others: Other symptoms include indentations on the tooth surface, cavities and decay.
How to Treat Tooth Erosion
Since enamel can’t be regenerated, dentists recommend a few techniques to treat tooth erosion. The treatment, however, varies depending on the stage and nature of erosion. To protect the affected tooth, sometimes tooth bonding is considered to boost its cosmetic appearance. For significant damages, veneer or a crown is recommended by the dentist to protect the tooth from further decay.
Tips to Prevent Enamel Erosion
The best way to prevent tooth erosion is to maintain daily oral hygiene by brushing, flossing, and rinsing your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash. Regular checkups and cleaning sessions with a dentist every six months are also significant preventive measures. You may also follow these tips below:
- Use a fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth as fluoride makes your teeth stronger.
- Reduce the consumption of highly acidic foods and drinks and make sure to rinse your mouth immediately after with plain water. Consult a nutritionist for dietary assessment and assistance.
- To avoid the contact of acidic drinks with your teeth, use a straw.
- Saliva helps teeth remain strong. Boost the production of saliva after every meal by chewing sugar-free gum.
- If you have a low volume of saliva, drink lots of water throughout the day.
- Unless you’re able to brush your teeth or rinse your mouth after eating, avoid snacking frequently which increases the acidic level of your mouth. Foods high in starch and sugar keep your mouth acidic for a few hours after eating.
Just like other dental problems, tooth erosion can be detected early and treated properly. If you find any of these symptoms match your current dental condition, make an appointment and visit a dental office without delay.