Tooth decay and cavities are perhaps the most common dental problems faced at all ages. This can happen owing to a variety of reasons and can become the primary cause for more serious dental conditions. Timely detection and treatment of tooth decay or cavities is very important because of this. Read on to know more about this condition.
What do you mean by tooth decay?
There are several factors involved in the development of tooth decay. Tooth decay often is initiated when the outer or visible surface of the tooth, called the enamel, becomes infected by bacteria and starts to breakdown. In some instances, the tooth’s inner dentinal layer ( below the enamel outer shell) can also become infected. This happens when the tooth has prolonged exposure to the destructive elements of fermentable carbohydrates, which can readily be found in such products as gummy bears, candies, ice-cream, chocolate, milk, juices and pop drinks, to name a few. When teeth and surrounding tissues are not adequately cleaned, sugary substances remain unhindered, letting bacteria accumulate and multiply to form dental plaque. Dental plaque, in turn, consumes food particles found in-between teeth and surrounding tooth surfaces in the mouth, forming damaging acids that leach the minerals from the tooth, to form holes and cavitations. If these cavities are left untreated, they will continue to grow deeper and may even cause an infection of the pulpal tissues of the tooth and surrounding bony supporting structures. This can lead to a dental emergency situation, whereby the tooth may need to have root canal therapy or even extraction treatment. Do not let it get to this. Contact our dental office here in Brampton, and see how we can help!
Is tooth decay and cavities the same thing?
Tooth decay and cavities are not exactly the same thing. Tooth decays lead to cavities resulting from harmful bacteria that remain inside the mouth in the form of plaque. Tooth decay is also known as caries.
How can I prevent this condition?
Maintaining good oral hygiene is the most important factor in the prevention of tooth decay and cavities. Brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily are essential in maintaining a healthy oral environment. Having regular dental checkup, every six months is also important in prevention. Secondly, reducing the intake of sugary foods and drinks helps prevent such dental conditions to a great extent. Dental sealants are also good options especially for children. Sealants are a thin protective coating that is applied onto the tooth surface. Adequate fluoride consumption can futher help reduce the risk and help prevent tooth decay and cavities.
What are the primary symptoms of cavities or tooth decays?
Initial symptoms can range from no symptoms at all, to a tooth discoloration, sweet sensitivity and pain. These symptoms can worsen if tooth decay is left untreated and given the opportunity to progress. Leading to such things as tooth fracture, tooth infection and even tooth loss. Persistent bad breath or bad tastes in the mouth may also be early symptoms of cavities or tooth decay.
Call us at 905-453-7777 for more information on tooth decay and cavities